Vorkuta is the fourth largest city above the Arctic Circle and the most eastern city in Europe with a population of 58 thousand people. It is located in the permafrost zone. Vorkuta has a severe subarctic climate, winters are long and frosty, often with blizzards. The frost-free period lasts only 70 days a year. You can get to Vorkuta only by plane or train. There is no car road link. In the 1930s, a working village was founded by the Soviet government to develop coal deposits. Vorkuta got a city status in 1943. There was one of the largest camps of the GULAG, by 1951 there were 73 thousand people. Vorkuta is not only the city itself, but also the surrounding agglomeration of satellite villages that grew up in Soviet times near coal mines. Out of the 13 mines, only 4 remained operational. One after the other, the villages are also closed. The population of the city is rapidly declining.